"Végzés, melyet a most szerencsésen országló felséges Király és császár, II. József, hogy Magyarországban és az ahhoz tartozó tartományokban.., a jobb fajtából eredett és magasabb méretű lovaknak száma jövendő időkre nézve is minden kitalálható móddal gyarapítatthassék, tetszett Ő Felségének kegyesen elvégezni, hogy Magyarországban tulajdon császári, királyi ménes, mely mintegy magvető helye legyen a jelesebb természetű és tartósabb erejű lovaknak, minden időhalasztás nélkül felállítassék, arra rendelvén amaz Mezőhegyes nevű alkalmatos pusztát." 1784. december 20.
Idézet a Magyar Császári és Királyi Udvar alapító okiratából
Mezőhegyes and horse breeding have been connected for more than 200 years. The State Stud of Hungarian Royal and Empire Military Court was founded on 20th December 1784 by Empire Joseph 2nd, so he has established the very first state stud of Hungary and the Monarchy.
This stud is one of our unique treasure, which has always influenced horse breeding in Hungary and in the whole Carpathyan basin. The exceptional centuries old buildings, the agricultural memorial architecture, the unusually wooded countryside on the Great Plain and the special trees of the city park provide a unique and traditional atmosphere to Mezőhegyes.
The importance of Mezőhegyes at horse breeding is indisputable, since here were bred 3 different types of horse species in the 1800’s: Nóniusz, Furioso North Star (Mezőhegyes cross-bred) and the Gidrán. Nóniusz is the most well known and internationally recognized Hungarian horse species. As a result of Sport Horse breeding started in 1961, the Hungarian Olympics team reached 4th position in Moscow Olympics Games in 1980. All of the three horses of this team were bred in Mezőhegyes. The species received state recognition in 1984.
Almost all Hungarian bred horse species have been seen in Mezőhegyes over the past two and a half centuries. State Stud of Mezőhegyes Ltd. (as the successor company of the Royal State Stud) has returned to the original mission of breeding horses, keeping the centuries old traditions alive. Today there are more than 300 horses in the central and three other breeding stud, mainly Nóniusz and Hungarian Sport Horse and a few trotter species.
Please browse our homepage and of course You are welcome to visit Mezőhegyes in person where you can experience 230 years of tradition and expertise. Enjoy the atmosphere of the stud-farm, visit the horses in the same stables where horses were born and bred in the past centuries.
About State Stud of Mezőhegyes Ltd.
State Stud of Mezőhegyes Ltd. was founded on 1st September 2004, on the 220th anniversary of the foundation of the Stud. During the privatisation of the Stud-farm the Hungarian State decided to keep the Stud as a State owned property.
Our horses are kept on three different places:
Central stud is where horses are trained and also tested for sporting. We keep our base mare stock in the No. 20 mare farm, where foals are born and kept until six month of age. We raise the foals from 6 months until three years of age in the No. 48 foal’s breed farm, then they are trained in the central stud.
The exhibition area and the showjump course fell into the possession of the State Stud of Mezőhegyes Ltd., which is one of the best showjump course in Hungary and gives perfect opportunity to hold any type of horse events.
There are 30 employees working in our stud, they take care of more than 300 horses including training and competing for shows and races. We are working in the 200 years old historical buildings, which still serve horse breeding according to today’s requirements.
Our company farms 1200 acres of different types of land on several locations, which are plough-land and lawn. The primary task of State Stud of Mezőhegyes Ltd. is to save our stud as a unique historical and agricultural treasure, also the Nóniusz as the first and most important Hungarian horse species.
Mezőhegyes should still fulfil the role in horse breeding in the Carpathian Basin, just like in the past two centuries. Our goals have to match with the tradition and legacy of the past 221 years.